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J. Compos. Sci., Vol. 5, Pages 271: Random Forest Modeling for Fly Ash-Calcined Clay Geopolymer Composite Strength Detection

Journal of Composites Science doi: 10.3390/jcs5100271

Priyanka Gupta
Nakul Gupta
Kuldeep K. Saxena
Sudhir Goyal

Geopolymer is an eco-friendly material used in civil engineering works. For geopolymer concrete (GPC) preparation, waste fly ash (FA) and calcined clay (CC) together were used with percentage variation from 5, 10, and 15. In the mix design for geopolymers, there is no systematic methodology developed. In this study, the random forest regression method was used to forecast compressive strength and split tensile strength. The input content involved were caustic soda with 12 M, 14 M, and 16 M; sodium silicate; coarse aggregate passing 20 mm and 10 mm sieve; crushed stone dust; superplasticizer; curing temperature; curing time; added water; and retention time. The standard age of 28 days was used, and a total of 35 samples with a target-specified compressive strength of 30 MPa were prepared. In all, 20% of total data were trained, and 80% of data testing was performed. Efficacy in terms of mean absolute error (MAE), root mean square error (RMSE), coefficient of determination (R2), and MSE (mean squared error) is suggested in the model. The results demonstrated that the RFR model is likely to predict GPC compressive strength (MAE = 1.85 MPa, MSE = 0.05 MPa, RMSE = 2.61 MPa, and R2 = 0.93) and split tensile strength (MAE = 0.20 MPa, MSE = 6.83 MPa, RMSE = 0.24 MPa, and R2 = 0.90) during training.

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