Agronomy, Vol. 12, Pages 2222: Influencing Factors of the Distribution Accuracy and the Optimal Parameters of a Pneumatic Fertilization Distributor in a Fertilizer Applicator
Agronomy doi: 10.3390/agronomy12092222
A pneumatic fertilization distributor used for fertilizing in a fertilizer applicator is a key component of the applicator. The parameters of a pneumatic fertilization distributor affect the uniformity and accuracy of the fertilization of a fertilizer applicator. To obtain the optimal design parameters of a pneumatic fertilization distributor, a fluidstructure coupling simulation test and a bench test were carried out in the Intelligent Agricultural Machinery Laboratory of the Nanjing Institute of Agricultural Mechanization from March 2021 to July 2022. The curvature&ndash;diameter ratios of the elbow, bellow length, and air velocity were selected as the experimental factors, and the variation coefficient of the fertilizer discharge at each discharge outlet within 0.5&ndash;3 s was selected as the experimental index. A five-level quadratic regression orthogonal rotation combined test was carried out. The results showed that: (1) all three factors had a significant impact on the uniformity of the fertilizer discharge. The reasonable ranges of the curvature&ndash;diameter ratio, bellow length, and air velocity were 0.5&ndash;1.5, 350&ndash;550 mm, and 25&ndash;35 m/s, respectively. (2) The order of the influence of the three factors on the uniformity of the fertilizer discharge in descending order was as follows: the curvature&ndash;diameter ratio of the elbow, the bellow length, and the air velocity. When the bellow length was 460 mm, the curvature&ndash;diameter ratio was 0.6, and the inlet air velocity was 28 m/s. The uniformity of the fertilizer discharge was optimal. A pneumatic conveying system was redesigned according to the optimal parameters, and a bench test was carried out. The results showed that at different speeds, the coefficient of variation of each row&rsquo;s displacement was not greater than 5%, and the simulation test results were consistent with the bench test results.
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