Foods, Vol. 11, Pages 2949: The Quality Characteristics Formation and Control of Salted Eggs: A Review
Salted egg, a traditional characteristic processed egg product in China, is popular among consumers at home and abroad. Salted egg quality characteristics formation primarily includes the hydration of egg white, the solidification of egg yolk, the unique color and flavor of salted egg yolk, and the formation of white, fine, and tender egg whites and loose, sandy, and oily egg yolks after pickling and heating. The unique quality characteristics of salted eggs are mostly caused by the infiltration dehydration of salt, the intermolecular interaction of proteins, and the oxidation of lipids. In recent years, to solve the problems of salted eggs having high salinity, long production cycle, and short storage period, the pickling technology for salted egg has been improved and researched, which has played a significant role in promoting the scientific production of salted eggs. This paper summarizes the mechanisms of salted egg quality characteristics formation and factors influencing quality, with a perspective of providing a theoretical basis for the production of high-quality salted eggs.
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