Atmosphere, Vol. 14, Pages 922: Analysis of Precipitation Process and Operational Precipitation Enhancement in Panxi Region Based on Cloud Parameters Retrievals from China’s Next−Generation Geostationary Meteorological Satellite FY−4A
Atmosphere doi: 10.3390/atmos14060922
Geostationary meteorological satellite data with high spatial and temporal resolution can be used to retrieve cloud physical parameters, which has significant advantages in tracking cloud evolution and development. Based on satellite multispectral RGB composite image and cloud physical analysis methods, we quantitatively analyze the evolution characteristics of cloud parameters in the pre-, mid- and post-artificially influenced weather process, explore the application potential benefits of satellite data in monitoring the operating conditions of the artificially influenced weather in the Panxi region, and verify the feasibility analysis of the evaluation of their effects. In this study, cloud parameters such as cloud particle effective radius (Re), cloud liquid water path (LWP), cloud ice water path (IWP), and cloud top height and temperature (CTH and CTT) are retrieved using FY&minus;4A satellite data. For the Panxi region, the evolution characteristics of typical cloud parameters in the affected area before and after two aircraft artificial operational precipitation enhancements are analyzed. The results show that the satellite retrieval of cloud characteristic parameters in the Panxi region has good application value, which can be used to guide the artificial Operational Precipitation Enhancement. In this precipitation process, there are solid particles in the upper layer cloud and supercooled water in the lower layer cloud. After the cold cloud catalysis, the cloud top height, liquid water and ice water content, particle effective radius and ground precipitation in the operational area increased, and the cloud top temperature decreased. Thus, it effectively alleviated the drought in the Panxi region. The satellite retrieval of cloud characteristic parameters in the Panxi region has a good application value, which can provide a basis and guidance for future weather modification operations in the Panxi region.
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